Saturday, March 14, 2020

Farewell to Arms

Farewell to Arms were very tenuously connected with World War I. Thus, literary works of almost all Western European and American writers in the first half the 20th century depicted the war and its aftermath. Ernest Hemingway, an outstanding American writer of the 20th century, says such words concerning a military theme: "This is one of the most important issues and, moreover, the most difficult to give a truthful account of the incidents, and the writers who have not seen war, always envy veterans and try to convince themselves and others the war theme is insignificant or unnatural, whereas, in fact, they have missed a chance" (Oldsey, 1979). It was World War I that shaped Hemingway as a writer. The leading line of his works is inextricably linked with anti-war themes. Hemingway considers a war being a tragedy. Dethroning the notion of patriotism, honor, duty, and other values, the writer has showed all the inhumane nature of war. One of his novels is the novel "A Farewell to Arms." This novel is notable of its small size, it is still amazing how this work is full of content. The author puts in the novel a set of problems and issues, such as an intellectual in the war, people's attitude to the war, religion and war, morality and war, the influence of propaganda on the public and others (Rovit et al., 1986). In the novel "A Farewell to Arms" Hemingway gives a very broad generalization, shows how external historical events affect the lives of people. For him, as for many of the "Lost Generation", the war has become the personification of the evil in the world, the moment at which the history of the 20th century has really begun. Through the "arms" Hemingway shows how a strong character of the "Lost Generation" was formed. The protagonist of the novel Frederic Henry is serving as a Lieutenant. The Tenentes image is dynamic and the readers see him during the accumulation of his life and spiritual experience. And in the course of it, a radical change has come about in the ideological position of the character. Henry at the beginning and Henry at the end of the novel are two different people. The characters story is inextricably linked with the story of another character Catherine Barkley and by means of it the novel "A Farewell to Arms" widely differs from those anti-war novels. Henry and Catherine Barkleys story of love forms one of the plot lines of the novel. The second story line is those external events, which have been a fruitful cause for the following dynamics in changing of the main heros characters. These external events are represented by World War I. And that war turns to dust peoples dreams about welfare. Furthermore, the theme of love goes through the great and terrible topic of war. Both themes keep blending and are closely interwoven with each other. It seems as the lyric line arises from the war and finds its significance as the story unfolds. Henrys maturing decision to bid farewell to arms is getting stronger along with his growing feelings for Catherine Barkley. Military relationships and lyrical lines are traced even in the sequence of events. Meetings with Catherine always alternate with frontline episodes, and each episode with Catherine and Henrys serious relationship has a simultaneous tense military episode. Indeed, Hemingway creates a special mood again, changes the environment in which there are Frederick and Catherine. This time, he uses the ordinary phenomenon of nature―rain.Ordinary rain becomes a symbol―a symbol of bad weather, when a person feels so uncomfortable, cold, and dank. Because of the rain, the slush on the road hampers the priest's movement (in the second chapter of the book), its shape reminds us the very clay or dust of which we came and to which we all will return: She was crying. I comforted her and she stopped crying. But outside it kept on raining (Hemingway, 1987). That is, the main reason that could cause something bad to happen has not been obviated. This obstacle is a universal flood, which in the form of rain claims its rights to people's lives (Lukacs, 1964). Now, after all the mishaps are finally safe and embraced by his beloved, Frederick is mentally developing his outlook and comes to a conclusion that there is the unalterable law, which predominates over human destinies. This young man, who has never been deep in thought, is obliged to sum up his life experience, and complain about the circumstances, which are showing that way: If people bring so much courage to this world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them. The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry (Hemingway, 1987). Moreover, there comes a rainy night. Hemingway again needs this symbol of universal inclement weather to emphasize that danger was in store for the main characters, and after a moment's respite, they will be faced other severe trials. But if the last time the rain has just beaten against the window, now it intrudes into a cozy refuge, bringing cold and anxiety along: That night there was a storm and I woke to hear the rain lashing the windowpanes. It was coming in the open window. Someone had knocked on the door. I went to the door very softly, not to disturb Catherine, and opened it. The barman stood there. He wore his overcoat and carried his wet hat. "Can I speak to you, Tenente?" "What's the matter?" "It's a very serious matter." I looked around. The room was dark. I saw the water on the floor from the window (Hemingway, 1987). This puddle under the window is a symbol of a leak, water inrush and a hole in the tiny boat of love. Unfathomable reason and virtues that determine what are fated to people, have broken the front where two lovers tries to hold out against these forces. But the idea of Hemingway is not to help the characters to go through the mill and leave them enjoying themselves lately. Yet this story is made up, the reality sometimes is able to propose the fishiest stories. Hemingway has been fully aware that the world is filled with the most absurd fears, tragedies, disasters, and diseases. The story of Catherine and Frederick has started during the war, which attaches great importance and tension to it. But the great hopes of lovers are destroyed by the vulnerable physiology of our body (Catherine has died after cesarean section) not war. This could happen even in times of peace. A trap to where people may get could be different, like in the case of illness and (or) accidents, - because they are mortal: Poor, poor dear Cat. And this was the price you paid for sleeping together. This was the end of the trap. This was what people got for loving each other. Thank God for gas, anyway. What must it have been like before there were anaesthetics? Once it started, they were in the millrace. Catherine had a good time in the time of pregnancy. It wasn't bad. She was hardly ever sick. She was not awfully uncomfortable until toward the last. So now they got her in the end. You never got away with anything. Get away hell! (Hemingway, 1987). Hemingway believes that the search for intellectual values should be started during the trials and tribulations or at the time of collision of the cruelty of nature. Just facing something that thrills every particle of ones frame, people realize their incredible fragile and that one mistake could cost them their lives. So, being horror-stricken at it, people think that their thoughts, feelings, moods, impressions, tenderness, love and happiness come to an end (Donaldson, 1977). It is no coincidence that the religious world suggests the opposite side: that there is more to it than that and this world is only a preparation, a prelude of the immortal soul. But a person does not understand this, because he has taken the print of the life itself and he is alarmed by the uncertainty. Frederick is more inclined to believe that there is nothing after death. During his sleepless nights, he has known nothing. Death is the summit of nothing. It follows that whatever mode of behavior or personal faith you have taken it will serve faithfully, and will never fail you even in the face of death: Poor little kid. I wished the hell I'd been choked like that. No I didn't. Still there would not be all this dying to go through. Now Catherine would die. That was what you did. You died. You did not know what it was about. You never had time to learn. They threw you in and told you the rules and the first time they caught you off base they killed you. Or they killed you gratuitously like Aymo. Or gave you the syphilis like Rinaldi. But they killed you in the end. You could count on that. Stay around and they would kill you (Hemingway, 1987). The character by self-discipline and understanding of his vulnerability tends to give any form of his shapelessness existence. He has found this form in soldier's training and faithful love. The last page shows that Henry is alone again, he is on his own, but he has changed, gained in strength of the war and the shadow of love. He will never be the same, because the moment of simplicity of his thoughts and feelings has been lost forever. There are the codes of self-discipline and experience that develop Fredericks outlook. This applies not only to his private tragedy, but also to life in general. Internal discipline and bitter experience can make much of life and restore order in a great deal of confusion of human existence (Delmore, 1950). To sum up, Hemingway is not a genius, who has opened a new man, but at least some parts of human life become a reality, and it gives him an opportunity to have power over the intellects. The writer has opened the new reality of rambling and superficial human conversation that has deep implication. Also, Hemingway has drawn the attention to how people talk, lying in bed, and found that they are talking about everything. This conversation of lovers is the most powerful tool in the novel "A Farewell to Arms". Hemingways concept of love of a modern Western man stands beyond these conversations.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Hospitality Operations Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Hospitality Operations Management - Essay Example Intangible factors on the other hand, include branding, image and reputation, innovations, and market position of the business model within the marketplace. Perishability factors are associated with products that can go bad or be destroyed for being poorly stored or for not having been preserved correctly. 1 These factors influence the magnitude of an investment in order to ensure the target goals and operational objectives are met. For instance, the hospitality industry, especially in cases where meals are prepared and offered to vast customer segments, preservation of recipes falls under intangible factors while the ingredients to prepare the meals fall under perishables. To preserve ingredients, investors are required to finance the refrigeration facilities. In order to protect an establishment from corporate espionage, the business model has to consider intangible factors such as patenting of innovation. Lastly, the fact that most business establishments in the hospitability industry deal with different customers; the services offered, such as accommodation and entertainment, require the presence of assets such as rooms, swimming pools, spas, and restaurants. High Valley Hotel seeks to expand its business scope in order to lure and serve more customers as part of a strategy to satisfy the objective of increasing revenue generation as well as the capacity of operations. With reference to the nature of the tangible factors that High Valley Hotel has to consider during the expansion, depreciation and maintenance of the property are among the most vital factors. The establishment seeks to increase the current number of rooms in order to host more clients at any given time since demand continues to increase. However, in the construction of the desired rooms, quality of materials of use as well as the nature of

Monday, February 10, 2020

Cicadas Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Cicadas - Essay Example The female lay 4-5 mm long egg on the ventral thorax. Their life cycle takes 17 years in northern species and 13 years in southern species; the two types overlap in parts of the United States. In about six weeks the wingless, scaly larvae, or nymphs, burrow into the ground, where they remain for 13 or 17 years, feeding on juices, the xylem sap, sucked from roots of the flora present in that area encompassing grasses, forbs or trees. The nymphal development takes numerous years. The nymphs molt periodically as they grow; finally the full-grown nymphs emerge, climb a short distance reaches the tree trunks, herb stem and fences, anchors itself with the help of its tarsal claws to protect itself and molts or shed their last larval skin. The winged adults generally emerge together in large numbers, live for about one week. Its nymphal shell remains as proof indicating the transition in the life cycle of the cicadas. This is also a transition from its restricted life to free life where it has freedom to fly. Cicadas are known as strong fliers with a high visual alertness. Adults feed on xylem sap and have a life span of a few weeks. Different broods mature at regular intervals, so that at least one colony is conspicuous in some part of the United States each year, and even in a given locality a brood may appear every few years. Other North American cic

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Rules for You Put All of Your Company’s Products Essay Example for Free

Rules for You Put All of Your Company’s Products Essay Once you put all of your company’s products into their respective categories, you then consider these rules: 1. Stars:  invest your marketing dollars in these since they could become dominant market leaders 2. Cash Cows:  milk these to provide the cash to invest in your stars and a few question marks 3. Question Marks:  invest in the most promising of these as well — but only a few 4. Dogs:  cut the leash and let these go to the highest bidder for some much needed cash To illustrate, imagine that you’re Coca-Cola. Your portfolio might look something like this: Question Mark:  your energy drink brand (Full Throttle) ? Star:  your bottled water (Dasani) ? Cash Cow:  your namesake soft drink (Coca-Cola) ? Dog:  your sweetened juice drink (Hi-C) As Coca-Cola’s CMO, you would use income from Coke to invest primarily in Dasani and Full Throttle, while looking to sell off Hi-C to some private equity fund with too much cash on its hands. But before you rush off and start reallocating your dinero, consider these caveats†¦ Caveat #1: Markets change with the economy and other conditions — sometimes very quickly. What if consumers make a massive shift from bottled water to tap water, as many municipal governments are doing? Dasani is doomed. Or what if  Tiki Bar TV  uses Hi-C as a drink mixer, making it a hip and trendy drink amongst geeks overnight? Your dog is now a star†¦ Caveat #2: One company’s dog is another company’s cash cow (or better). Some investors have struck gold by buying another company’s dogs. In 2003, Nike bought troubled Converse for only $305 million (less than what the movie â€Å"Iron Man† earned in two months). Tips: Invest for sales growth and market share. Use cash from Cash Cows to support required investments. Star examples: Apple = iPhone Coca-Cola = Vitamin Water Cash Cows Low Growth, High Market Share [pic] †¢ Foundation of the company and Stars of yesterday †¢ Generate more cash than required †¢ Extract profits by investing as little cash as possible †¢ located in an industry that is mature and not growing or declining Tips: Maintain the strong market position and defend your market share. Take advantage of sales volume and leverage the size of operations. Support other businesses. Cash Cow examples: Apple = iPods Coca-Cola = Coca-Cola Classic Dogs Low Growth, Low Market Share [pic] †¢ Cash traps †¢ Do not have potential to bring in much cash †¢ Number of dogs in country should be minimalized †¢ Business is situated at a declining stage Tips: Optimize your current operations. Get rid of all non value added activities and features. Reposition your offering to generate positive cash flow or sell this business. Dog examples: Apple = Since good company should not have any dogs Coca-Cola = New Coke

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Essay --

An Overview of Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome The human genome is a remarkable system composed of over 3 billion DNA base pairs that encode for the characteristics that makes people distinctly human and unique themselves. Without the genome’s nearly flawless ability to self-replicate the human species would cease to exist. As incredible as this replication methodology is, it is not without its faults. Genetic mutations, though rare and typically harmless, can strike at any time and in various ways. Still, when they do cause harm the effects can be profound and impossible to ignore. Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is an instance where the mutation of just one nucleotide has devastating results. The Mayo Clinic defines progeria as a progressive genetic disorder that causes children to age rapidly, beginning in their first two years of life. This study defines the disease of progeria by outlining symptoms and identifying causes that lead to its diagnosis. In addition, treatment methods and extensive research tha t give those affected by the disease hope for a brighter future are highlighted. It is noteworthy to mention that there are numerous diseases associated with rapid ageing and progeria like symptoms. Cockayne, Lison, Werner’s, and Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch Syndromes are amongst these diseases. The shortened term progeria can be used to address any of these disorders but is most often specifically associated with HGPS. This distinct disease was named after Jonathan Hutchinson and Hastings Gilford who each independently described it in 1886 and 1897 respectively. Thankfully, this alarming syndrome is so rare that it only affects about 1 in every 4 million children born. Progeria is onset by a complicated series... ...ties are still exciting to speculate over. In closing, as overwhelming as the complications brought about from progeria may seem it is important to keep things in perspective. Research has gone a long way to improve the livelihood of those affected by this awful disability and in the process opened several new doors. While these fresh discoveries raise a plethora of new questions, it is essential to pursue the betterment of life for everyone. After all, HGPS is but one of many disorders set off by a slight and uncontrollable mutation. Fortunately, organizations such as the Progeria Research Foundation are working hard to raise awareness of the disease and unlock its true cure. In time all of this strife will bring a rich reward of enlightenment and new possibilities for the genes of every living being as the mesmerizing depths of the genome are abundantly explored.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020


The Janoskians are a group of 5 boys that are taking the world by storm! The Janoskians = Just, Another, Name, Of, Silly, Kids, In, Another, Nation. (Skip). The boys became known to the media and public and branded as ‘The YouTube and Online Sensations' in late March last year when their Meet & Greet and Luna Park, Melbourne, had a turn up of over 6000 fans and had to be closed down. They now have over 550K subscribers to their main YouTube channel – The Janoskians – with almost 56 million views to date on one channel alone!!They have caught the attention of Sony, MTV, are partnered with YouTube and have just signed with the likes of Keek and various other social platforms. The boys were also recently approached by the Moreland City Council Mayor, OscarYildez (Vic) and are proud to say that they have now joined forces with the ‘Bully Free Australia Foundation' (in which they promote awareness against bullying) are anti-bullying Board Members and Ambassadors for all online social networks that they are involved with. This campaign also reaches schools, workplaces and the wider community.Involved in this campaign include the likes of Pink, Melbourne Victory Football Club, EDFL, ACG and many other high profile celebrities and businesses. The Janoskians recently released their first single being ‘Set this world on Fire' with 3 more songs to be released in the next few months! The boys have just completed touring and performing in the ‘Summer Night's Tour' with Reece Mastin and The Justice Crew which was a great success and something the boys will never forget. The Janoskians look forward to now travel overseas to meet the ever growing Janoskian fan base all over the world!The boys have made 8 episodes with MTV including many ‘bonus' and ‘bloopers' clips added – in association with their show: www. mtv. com. au/thejanoskians. The show has now reached the UK and has attracted interest from Canada, Sweden and ma ny other countries and no doubt will go global this year with MTV which is very exciting! On Saturday, March 16, 2013, the boys will be attending the â€Å"Ribbon Cutting Ceremony† by the Honourable Prime Minister Julia Gillard who will be officially launching the Anti Bullying Australia Foundation!

Monday, January 6, 2020

An Examination of Genders in World Regions - 1159 Words

In societies past and present, there have been a variety of ways in which the genders have valued. Although the regions of our world value different icons, gods, or elements, there is one thing in which all cultures value, and that is the people of their society. Since people are high on a culture’s priority list, they value people in different way. Some cultures decide that one sex is superior over the other. Although everyone is valued, there are certain times when some sexes are favored over the other. There have been many primary documents which show us which sex the different cultures value. This will show us that around the world people are not valued the same. This will give us an insight on who these different worldly people value.†¦show more content†¦In the Chinese culture it was shown what a gentleman can do to help himself. In the Indian culture, it shows what a woman can do to help save herself. In the Indian culture, there is a ceremony called sati. Sati can be described as a traditional burning of the wife. This only occurs after her husband has passed away and the wife throws herself into the burning flames which have engulfed her husband’s remains. If a wife participated in this ceremony she is considered faithful to her husband. It is said that, â€Å"The wife who enters into the fire when her husband dies, imitating Arundahati, (a star, regarded as the wife of one of the Seven Rishies, and as a typical faithful spouse) in her behavior, enjoys bliss in heaven.† This will not only free her soul but also her husband’s soul. She is also considered saving herself when she leaps into the fire. In those times, being a widow is miserable. This is shown as, â€Å"There is no other misery for women like, widowhood. Happy is she among women who dies before her husband.† It says that she will be just as happy as any woman who has died before her husband. While she is saving herself and her husband, she is al so saving three of her families. It is said that, â€Å"A woman who follows after her husband shall surely purify three families: her mother’s, her father’s, and that into which she was given in marriage.† SheShow MoreRelatedSocial Media Contributions Against Gender Based Violence1400 Words   |  6 PagesWomen Uniting on the Web: Social Media Contributions Against Gender-Based Violence in Turkey Ozgecan Aslan lost her life while taking the bus home when the bus driver â€Å"allegedly bludgeoned her with a crowbar, stabbed her to death, and cut off her hands to hide the evidence† (Khazan 2015, 1) because she resisted rape. 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